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Bernoulli theorem apparatus(HD-01)


The setup is designed to verify Bernoulli Theorem experimentally Set up consists of a one piece clear acrylic test section with convergent and divergent part sections, supply thank, measuring tank, inlet water tank and pump for closed loop water circulation. The test section is connected to Piezometer Tubes through pressure tapping at different locations on the section to demonstrate the Bernoulli Theorem. The flow rate of water is measured using measuring tank and stop watch provided.

Experiments
  • To verify Bernoulli Theorem experimentally

Utilities Required
  • Electric supply 0.5 kW, 220V AC, Single Phase
  • Water supply Tap water connection BSP Distilled water @ 60 liters (optional)
  • Floor Area with Drain facility

Flow through orifice and mouthpiece(HD-02)


The setup is designed to study the discharge through different orifice & mouthpiece. Set up consists of an adjustable head constant level tank, supply tank, measuring tank and pump for closed loop water circulation. The constant level tank is fitted with arrangement for creating jet using different interchangeable orifice and mouthpiece. A hook/pointer gauge for measuring x-y coordinates of jet is also fitted. The flow rate of water is measured using measuring tank and stop watch provided.

Experiments
  • To determine the co-efficient of discharge of different Orifice and mouthpiece

Utilities Required
  • Electric supply 0.5 kW, 220V AC, Single Phase
  • Water supply Tap water connection BSP Distilled water @ 60 liters (optional)
  • Floor Area with Drain facility

Discharge over notches(HD-03)


The setup is designed to study the discharge through different notches. Set up consists of a flow channel section, supply tank, measuring tank and pump for closed loop water circulation. The flow channel is fitted with arrangement for creating jet using different interchangeable notches. It also consists a hook gauge for measuring x-y coordinates of jet and a vernier pointer to measure the height of water in channel. The flow rate of water is measured using measuring tank and stop watch provided. A Trapezoidal Notch can be tested by adjoining 2 different notches.

Experiments
  • To determine co-efficient of discharge using different notches

Utilities Required
  • Electric supply 0.5 kW, 220V AC, Single Phase
  • Water supply Tap water connection BSP Distilled water @ 60 liters (optional)
  • Floor Area with Drain facility

Impact of jet on vanes (HD-04)


The setup is designed to study the forced developed by a jet of water on different surfaces and to compare it with momentum theory. Set up consists of visible test enclosure, supply tank, measuring tank and pump for closed loop water circulation. The visible test section housed one nozzle fitted in vertical upward direction to target the jet of water opposite an interchangeable test surface (either flat plate or a hemispherical cup) which in term is connected to a spring loaded stem. The lift of stem and weight added to the pan on other side gives the calculation of corresponding force. The flow rate of water is measured using measuring tank and stop watch provided

Experiments
  • To study the force developed by impact of jet on different surfaces.

Utilities Required
  • Electric supply 0.5 kW, 220V AC, Single Phase
  • Water supply Tap water connection BSP Distilled water @ 60 liters (optional)
  • Floor Area with Drain facility

Losses due to friction in pipe lines (HD-05)


The setup is designed to study the losses due to friction in pipes of different diameter and different material. Set up consists of a set of 3 different pipe test sections, supply tank, measuring tank and pump for closed loop water circulation. A number of valves are provided to conduct the experiment with only one test section without any hassle. The test sections are connected to differential manometer through Piezometer and gang box. The flow rate of water is measured using measuring tank and stop watch provided

Experiments
  • To determine the losses due to fiction in pipes

Utilities Required
  • Electric supply 0.5 kW, 220V AC, Single Phase
  • Water supply Tap water connection BSP Distilled water @ 60 liters (optional)
  • Floor Area with Drain facility

Losses due to pipe fittings, sudden enlargement & contraction (HD-06)


The set up consists of a 1/2 bend and elbow, a sudden expansion & sudden contraction fitting from 15mm to 25mm, ball valve and gate valve. Pressure tapings are provided at inlet and outlet of these fittings under test. A differential manometer fitted in the line gives pressure loss of individual fittings. Present set-up is self-contained water re-circulating unit, provided with a sump tank and a centrifugal pump etc. Flow control valve and by-pass valve are fitted in water line to conduct the experiment on different flow rates. Flow rate of water is measured with the help of measuring tank and stop watch.

Experiments
  • To determine loss of head in the fittings at various water flow rates
  • To measure the loss coefficient for the pipe fittings

Utilities Required
  • Electric supply 0.5 kW, 220V AC, Single Phase
  • Water supply Tap water connection BSP Distilled water @ 60 liters (optional)
  • Floor Area with Drain facility

Venturimeter & Orifice meter Test Rig (HD-07)


The apparatus consists of two pipelines emerging out from a common manifold. One pipeline contain a Venturimeter and other contain an Orifice. The pressure tapings from the Venturimeter and Orificemeter are taken to differential manometer to measure pressure difference. The Venturimeter & Orificemeter are connected in parallel and anyone of them can be put in operation by operating valves provided at the downstream. These valves can also regulate the flow. Present set-up is self-contained water re-circulating unit, provided with a sump tank and a centrifugal pump. Flow control valve and by-pass valve are fitted in water line to conduct the experiment on different flow rates. Flow rate of water is measured with the help of measuring tank and stopwatch

Experiments
  • To determine the co-efficient of discharged through Venturimeter and orifice meter.
  • To measure discharge through Venturimeter and Orificemeter as flow meters.

Utilities Required
  • Electric supply 0.5 kW, 220V AC, Single Phase
  • Water supply Tap water connection BSP Distilled water @ 60 liters (optional)
  • Floor Area with Drain facility

Venturimeter Orifice meter & Rota meter Test Rig (HD-08)


The apparatus consists of three pipelines emerging out from a common manifold. One pipeline contain a Venturimeter, second contains an Orifice and third pipeline contains a Rotameter. The pressure tapings from the Venturimeter and Orificemeter are taken to differential manometer to measure pressure difference. The Venturimeter, Orificemeter and Rotameter are connected in parallel and anyone of them can be put in operation by operating valves provided at the downstream. These valves can also regulate the flow. Present set-up is self-contained water re-circulating unit, provided with a sump tank and a centrifugal pump. Flow control valve and by-pass valve are fitted in water line to conduct the experiment on different flow rates. Flow rate of water is measured with the help of measuring tank and stopwatch

Experiments
  • To determine the co-efficient of discharged through Venturimeter and orifice meter.
  • To measure discharge through Venturimeter, Orificemeter and Rotameter
  • To calibrate the Rotameter.

Utilities Required
  • Water Supply & Drain
  • Electricity 0.5 kW, 220V AC, Single Phase
  • Floor Area 1.5 x 0.75 m

Reynolds Apparatus (HD-10)


The apparatus consists of a glass tube with one end having bell mouth entrance; connected to a constant headwater tank, at the other end a valve is provided to vary the flow rate. The tank is of sufficient capacity to store water; A capillary tube is introduced centrally in the bell mouth for feeding dye from a small container placed at the top of tank, through polythene tubing. By varying the rate of flow, the Reynold's number is changed; this also changes the type of flow. Visual observation of dye (Thread) will indicate the type of flow, which can be confirmed from the Reynold's number computed. Present set-up is self-contained water re-circulating unit, provided with a sump tank and a centrifugal pump etc. Flow control valve and by-pass valve are fitted in water line. Flow rate of water is measured with the help of measuring cylinder and stop watch.

Experiments
  • To determine the Reynold's number and hence the type of flow either laminar or turbulent
  • To study transition zone

Utilities Required
  • Electric supply 0.5 kW, 220V AC, Single Phase
  • Water supply Tap water connection BSP Distilled water @ 60 liters (optional)
  • Floor Area with Drain facility

Pitot Tube Setup (HD-11)


A Pitot Tube is used to measure the local velocity at a given point in the flow stress. A pitot tube of standard design made of copper/SS is supplied and is fixed below Vernier scale. The Vernier scale is capable to measure the position of Pitot Tube in transparent pipe section. The pipe has a flow control valve to regulate the flow. A U-tube manometer is provided to determine the velocity head. Present set-up is self-contained water re-circulating unit, provided with a sump tank and a centrifugal pump etc. Flow control valve and by-pass valve are fitted in water line to conduct the experiment on different flow rates. Flow rate of water is measured with the help of measuring tank and stopwatch.

Experiments
  • To find the point velocity at the center of a tube for different flow rates of water and calibrate the Pitot Tube.
  • To plot velocity profile across the cross section of pipe

Utilities Required
  • Electric supply 0.5 kW, 220V AC, Single Phase
  • Water supply Tap water connection BSP Distilled water @ 60 liters (optional)
  • Floor Area with Drain facility

Metacentric Height Apparatus (HD-14)


A pontoon is allowed to float in a small tank having a transparent side. Removable steel strips placed in the model for the purpose of changing the weight of the model. Displacement of weight is measured with the help of a scale. By means of a pendulum (consisting of a weight suspended to a long pointer) the angle of tilt can be measured on a graduated arc. For tilting the ship model, a cross bar with two movable hangers is fixed on the model. Pendulum and graduated arc are suitably fixed at the center of the cross bar. A set of weights is supplied with the apparatus

Experiments
  • Determination of the metacentric height and position of the metacentric height with angle of heel of ship model

Utilities Required
  • Electric supply 0.5 kW, 220V AC, Single Phase
  • Water supply Tap water connection BSP Distilled water @ 60 liters (optional)
  • Floor Area with Drain facility

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